Prairie Five Community Action, Inc. is a private non-profit agency designated as a 501(c)3 by the IRS. Community Action is not part of the state, federal, or county government. Prairie Five employees are not state or federal employees. The Prairie Five board governs the agency and applies to various federal and state organizations and foundations to obtain funding and grants to meet the needs as determined by local communities.
The Economic Opportunity Act was passed on August 20, 1964 by President Lyndon B. Johnson. The act was drafted the previous February by task force director Sargent Shriver. After passage the Economic Opportunity Act, Sargent Shriver became the director of the Office of Economic Opportunity and served until 1969.